Waterton Glacier International Peace Park Canada

Waterton Glacier International Peace Park is the world's first International Peace Park, situated on the border between the two countries and offering outstanding scenery, the park is exceptionally rich in plant and mammal species as well as prairie, forest, and alpine and glacial features. Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park has a distinctive climate, physiographic setting, mountain-prairie interface, and tri-ocean hydrographical divide. It is an area of significant scenic values with abundant and diverse flora and fauna.

Waterton Glacier International Peace Park Canada
Continent: North America
Country: Canada, United States of America
Category: Natural
Criterion: (VII)(IX)
Date of Inscription: 1995

Combined National Parks

Waterton Lakes National Park (Alberta, Canada), the Glacier National Park (Montana, United States) combined as one Peace Park. Both national parks were originally designated by their respective nations because of their superlative mountain scenery, their high topographic relief, glacial landforms, and abundant diversity of wildlife and wildflowers.

Waterton Glacier International Peace Park
Waterton Glacier International Peace Park

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Evolution of plant communities and ecological complexes

The property occupies a pivotal position in the Western Cordillera of North America resulting in the evolution of plant communities and ecological complexes that occur nowhere else in the world. Maritime weather systems unimpeded by mountain ranges to the north and south allow plants and animals characteristic of the Pacific Northwest to extend to and across the continental divide in the park.

To the east, prairie communities nestle against the mountains with no intervening foothills, producing an interface of prairie, montane and alpine communities. The international peace park includes the headwaters of three major watersheds draining through significantly different biomes to different oceans. The biogeographical significance of this tri-ocean divide is increased by the many vegetated connections between the headwaters. The net effect is to create a unique assemblage and high diversity of flora and fauna concentrated in a small area.

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