Eiffel Tower-Best of Tower

Eiffel Tower is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars on the banks of the River Seine in Paris. The tower has become a global icon of France and one of the world famous structure.


This structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance to Exposition, World's Fair that celebrated the French Revolution a century. Actually planning to build the Eiffel tower in Barcelona, ​​for the Universal Exhibition of 1888, but the responsible parties in Barcelona city hall thought strange and expensive, and does not fit with the city. After the rejection of Plan of Barcelona, ​​Eiffel send the draft to the party responsible for the Universal Exhibition in Paris, where he built the tower a year later, in 1889. The tower was inaugurated on March 31, 1889, and opened on May 6. Three hundred workers joined together 18,083 of iron unders (a pure form of structural iron), using two and a half million of nails, in the form of structural by Maurice Koechlin. The risk of accident is very great, to modern skyscrapers the tower is unusual open without the middle level except the two platforms. However, because Eiffel took care, including use of the moving pulley block, auxiliary rails and screens, only one person who died.
Landscape Construction of the Eiffel Tower: the first level

The tower is getting criticism from the public when it was built, calling it disturbing eyes. Daily newspapers are filled with letters of criticism from the art community in Paris. One of them included in the publication of the U.S. Government Publishing Office of William Watson of the Paris Universal Exhibition of Civil Engineering, Public Works, and Architecture 1892. "And for twenty years we have seen, extends to the entire city, still lived by those geniuses for centuries, we see a stretch like a black shadow of the black columns are built of sheet iron spikes." [10] The signing of this letter includes Messonier , Gounod, Garnier, Gerome, Bougeureau, and Dumas.

Eiffel tower standing licensed for 20 years, which means it must be dismantled in 1909, when ownership transferred to the City of Paris. The city had planned to tear it down (part of the original contest rules for designing a tower that easily demolished) but after this tower proved extremely profitable in terms of communication, the tower was left standing after the permit expires. The military uses it to arrange a taxi Paris on the front lines during the Battle of the Marne First, and a monument to the victory of the battle.

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