Madagascar / Republic of Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the east coast of Africa. The island of Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world. In addition to the main island, some small islands around it also claims the republic, namely the island of Juan de Nova, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Tromelin Island Island, and Bassas da India. Although geographically close to Africa, the history of geology, biology, and demography of Madagascar is different from the mainland continent.

Madagascar is an old land, the same as Australia, so that soil mineral scarcity of food due to the absence of volcanic activity. Most soil is red, indicating the state land that has been decaying.

As a result of hundreds of millions of years of isolation, the flora and fauna of Madagascar is very typical and many endemic species found there. More than 80% of the flora and fauna that exist in Madagascar, which could not be found anywhere else in the world. But the fourth largest forest in the world is also in danger. Forest ecosystems destroyed by logging and large-scale burning for agriculture and livestock building. Than 120,000 square meters, now the extent of living 20,000. If nothing is done to save this forest, Madagascar can be lost within 35 years.

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