Abydos is a common English name of one of the most ancient city of Upper Egypt, and also from eight names which is the capital of Upper. The city was called Abdju in the ancient Egyptian language (technically AbDw 3bdw or transcribed from hieroglyphs), which means "hill of the symbol or relic", a reference to a holy relic in which the head of Osiris was preserved. Considered one of the most important archaeological sites of Ancient Egypt, the holy city of Abydos was the site of ancient temples, including Umm el-Qa'ab, a royal necropolis where early pharaohs were buried. The tomb began to be seen as highly significant burial and in later times it became desirable to be buried in the area, leading to the growth of the city's importance as a site of worship.

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