#935 Citadel, Amman, Jordan

High above Amman's downtown on one of the original seven hills, with spectacular views across the various modern suburbs is Amman's ancient citadel (Jabal al Qal'a), dating from neolithic times, and an important site for all the regions main ethnicities with a Roman Temple of Hercules, an Umayyad Palace, and ruins of many other structures, even a cistern. The site of old Rabboth-Ammon, stone age pottery and other bronze age relics have been found, while other areas date from the 3rd Century, when an earthquake destroyed the settlement. Even now, much of it remains unexcavated.

Aside from the reconstructed palace, the pillars of the temple, and the walls and pillars of other structures, it is also the location of the National Archaeological Museum housing some of the Dead Sea Scrolls, pottery and skull remains, among many other important items.


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